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Title: An analysis of productivity change: Are UAE banks operating efficiently when compared to GCC banks?
Authors: Kashani, H.A. 
Obay, L.A. 
Issue Date: 2010
Journal: Academy of Banking Studies Journal 
Abstract: This study, for the first time, takes on the issue of productivity changes of UAE banks in comparison to those in the rest of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries over the period 2000-2005. Given the growing importance of Islamic banking, this study also examines the difference in efficiency between Islamic and Conventional banks. Based on the non-parametric approaches of data envelopment analysis, DEA, and Malmquist productivity index, MPI, the results show that the banks in the GCC countries show relatively similar levels of efficiency. While Kuwait and Qatar had higher efficiency scores than the UAE and the UAE higher than the rest of the remaining GCC countries, these were not found to be statistically significant. Commercial Bank of Abu Dhabi and National Bank of Dubai appeared constantly on the best practice frontier. The statistical tests also show no significant differences between the performance of the Islamic banks and their conventional counterparts. Over time, UAE banks were able to show gains in efficiency (4%) when other GCC banks were actually recording losses of efficiency of the same magnitude. Both Islamic and Conventional banks in the UAE recorded gains in technical and pure efficiency and losses in scale efficiency.
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